Assam has witnessed the worst ethnic and communal tensions in the last two years. It has not been since the 1947 partition of India when so many people have been killed and uprooted as a result of ethnic or communal violence. By most available reports now, mob violence has claimed four thousand lives, rendered about 500,000 homeless, and forced a large number of people to leave the state for protection elsewhere. In Assam, three culturally disparate groups have been in collision: the Assamese, the Bengalis (both of which constitute the Hindus and Muslims) and the tribals, which are localized communities. There are social, demographic and historical perspective cited as reasons for the tension between communities.